History of the United States Patent Office
The Patent Office Pony
A History of the Early Patent Office
INDEX

* indicates that listed page includes illustration


Act of April 10, 1790 21, 22, 23, 35, 36, 47
Act of February 21, 1793 35, 36, 38, 45, 47, 70, 86, 87, 97
Act of April 28, 1810 58
Act of July 4, 1836 101, 102
Act of July 8, 1870 177
Adams, George R. 143
Adams, John 133, 136, 138, 139, 141
Adams, John Quincy 73, *74, 75, 77, 108
Agriculture Dept separated from Patent Office 162
Agriculture Dept, beginnings in Patent Office 111, 112
Agriculture, Department of 205
Agriculture, invention of 5
Aisquith, William E. 147
Alexander the Great 2
American Artisan 174
American Mechanic's Magazine 80
American Museum at Philadelphia 80, 122
American Philosophical Society 16
Amory, Nathaniel 124
Anne, Queen, wife of James I of England 9
Annual Reports 110, 111
Anson, James 126
Armstrong, John 65
Arthur, Duke of Brittany 199
Bache, Alexander Dallas 122
Bacon, Levi 197
Bailey, Francis 21
Barney, Joshua, Commodore 65
Barton, Clara *143, 144, 157, 160
Bauduy, Peter 44
Beach, Alfred Ely 129, *130, 131
Beanes, William B., Dr. 66, 67
Bell, Alexander Graham 184
Bell, Samuel P. 134
Bickley, Robert S. 58
Biddle, James, Commodore 125, 188
Biggs, Isaac 27
Binney, Horace 51, 78
Bishop, Henry 89, 107, 114
Bishop, William Darius *153, 154
Black, Jeremiah S. 152
Bladensburg Races 65
Blagrove, William 73
Blake, James H. 66
Bland, Allen M. 177
Bland, James A. *177
Blodgett's Hotel 40, 41, 58, 59, 60, 63 64 65 66, 85, 95, 96, 106, 108, 109, 183
Blodgett's Hotel for meetings of Congress 67, 75
Blodgett's Hotel, enlargement of 79
Blodgett, Samuel Jr. *40, 48, 58
Blydenburgh, Samuel 60
Board of Appeals, an early version 151
Borden, Gail 161
Bosworth, Lewis 161, 162
Brady, Matthew 155, 161
Brent, Daniel 41, 75, 77
Brewer, Major 36
Brewster, Abel 73
Brewster, Gilbert 74
Bridges, Robert 11
Britain, Clarissa 165
Brodeau, Anna Maria 39
Brooke, John Mercer 154, 168, *169, 217, 219
Brown University 102
Brown, A.V. 153
Brown, Edm. F. 225
Browne, Daniel Jay 158
Browne, Peter Arrell 71, 76, 77, 78, 80
Browne, William Henry, Gen. 174
Browning, O.H. 173, 175
Brunelleschi, Filippo *7
Buchanan, James 123, 147, 149, 153, 156, 188
Buell, Abel 13
Bulfinch, Charles Jr. 84, 85
Buntline, Ned 128
Burgdorf, Augustus 193
Burke, Aedanus *21
Burke, Edmund *121, 122, 128, 132
Burnet, David G. 124
Bushnell's Turtle *14
Bushnell, David 14
Butterworth, Benjamin *3, 4, 195, 200
Cadwalader, Lambert 21, *23
Callan, John C. 108
Campbell, Mr., a draftsman 166
Carlson, Chester Floyd 202
Carry Me Back to Old Virginny 177
Cass, Lewis 122, 126, 146
Caveat Book 89
Caveats 159, 160
Centennial Celebration of Patent System 1, 199
Centennial Exposition of 1876 184
Chamberlen family, (Peter, etc.) 9, 10
Chamberlen, Peter, M.D. *10
Charles II, King of England 12
Christie Minstrels 156
Cist, Jacob 47, *48, 73
City Hall, temporary Patent Office quarters *110, 112, 113
Civil engineering, origin of 71
Claiborne, William C.C. *42
Clark, George Rogers 26
Clay, Henry 77, 78, 79, 80, 81
Clemens, Samuel L. *178
Clermont, a steamboat 50
Clinton, Thomas G. 123
Cockburn, Sir George, Admiral *64, 66
Cocking, William 67
Coe, Conway P. 203
Colfax, Schuyler 166
Collins, Asahel 113, 114
Colt, Samuel 93
Columbia Maid 29
Columbian College 83
Columbian Magazine 16
Commerce and Labor, Dept of 201
Commerce Department Building 201, *202
Commerce, Dept of 201
Commissioner's Decisions 179
Commissioners for the Federal City 39, 40
Commissioners for the Promotion of Useful Arts 23, *24
Confederate Patent Office 167, *168, 169, 170
Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court 178
Constitutional Convention 17, 18, 19
Copyright law in Patent Office 43
Cox, Cornelius 107
Cox, J.C., Gen. 174
Craig, John 84
Craig, John D., Dr. 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92
Cranch, William G. 133
Cranch, William, Chief Justice of D.C. 133
Crawford, Obadiah 42
Crosby, Sampson 25
Crown, Samuel 107
Crystal City home of Patent Office *204
Custer, George Armstrong 184
Darby Ram 30, 31
Darcy v. Allin 8
Davis, Jefferson 153, 162, 167
Davis, Joseph 153
Dawes, Henry L. 176
Dawson v. Ennis 151
Dayton, Aaron Ogden 88, 89
Declaration of Independence exhibited in Patent Office 188
Demphel, Mr. 113
Dempsy and O'Toole 175
Den, temporary site of Patent Office 67
Deposit account, early 196, 197
Derbigny, Pierre 42
Devereaux, Arthur F. 150
Dodge, Thomas H. 146, 147, 151
Dodge, William C. 161, 162
Dogberry's maxim 152
Doge of Venice 7
Dolittle, William H. 184
Donovan, Thomas W., Dr. 114, 115
Doubleday, Mrs. Abner 164
du Pont de Nemours, EleuthŐre Irénée *43, 44
Duell, Charles H. 116
Duell, R. Holland 182, *182
Duncan, Samuel A. 179
Earmuffs, invention of 180, 181
Edison, Thomas A. 2, 68, 131, 181
Egyptian hieroglyphics 116
Elizabeth I, Queen of England 8, *9
Elliot, John 82
Elliot, Jonathan 69
Elliot, Seth Alfred 82, 83
Elliot, William 68, 69, 70, 76, 81, 82, 83, 84
Elliot, William Parker 76, 83, 87, 88, 90, 102, 103, 113, 114, 131
Ellsworth's Avengers 157
Ellsworth, Annie Goodrich *119, 120, 205
Ellsworth, Elmer E. 150, *156, 157
Ellsworth, Henry Leavitt 30, 38, 92, *93, 94, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 125
Ellsworth, Oliver 18, 30, 92
Ellsworth, William Wolcott 30, 92
Eppes, John W. 61
Ericsson, John 159, *160
Evans, Oliver, third U.S. patentee 15, 24, *46, 47, 71, 72, 73, 76, 116
Ewbank, Thomas 132, *133, 134, 142
Ewing, Thomas *123, 132
Export Leaf Tobacco Warehouse *203
Extension of patents 47
Fabrizio, Giovanni 68
Fales, Almira L. 160
Fales, Joseph T. 160
Farrally, John Wilson 132
Farwell, Leonard J. 169
Faux, William 68
Featherman, Americus 168
Federalist Papers 19
Fenwick, Benjamin 4, 69
Fenwick, Richard 64, 69
Fenwick, Richard Washington 69
Fenwick, Robert Washington 1, *4, 131, 150, 156, 161, 199
Fenwick, Robert Welsh 4, 69, 78, 83, 84, 89, 131
Fillmore, Millard 136
Fire at Confederate Patent Office 169
Fire in Blodgett's Hotel 107, 108, 109
Fire in Patent Office Building 189, 190, 191, 192
Fire Zouaves 157
First Rhode Island Regiment 159
Fisher, Samuel Sparks *175, 179
Fitch, John 15, 16, *17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 28, 39, 50, 52, 53, 54, 153
Fitzgerald, William P.N. 115, 132
Foote, Elisha *174, 175
Forsyth, John 90, 97, 101, 113, 114
Forsythe, Major Robert 36
Fort McHenry bombardment 67
Fort Sumter 156
Franklin Institute 76, 77, 122, 205
Franklin, Benjamin 16, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 187
Fulton, Robert 29, 50, *51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 73, 108, 136, 137, 138, 141, 187, 206
Gales, Joseph 66
Gales, Joseph Jr. 201
Gales, Joseph Sr. 201
Galileo Galilei 7
Gardner, Charles W. 200, 201
Gill, John 93, 94, 200
Gill, Richard C. 94, 200
Goodrich, Elizur 38
Goodyear, Charles 68
Gorrie, John, Dr. *124
Goshorn, Elmer Ellsworth 157
Grant, Ulysses S. 180
Gravelly Point quarters of Patent Office 204
Greene, Catherine 36, 37
Greene, Gen. Nathanael 36
Greenwood, Chester 180, *181
Griffin, E.W. 175
Growth of Industrial Art, The 195
Gurley, Revere, Dr. 156
Hall, Benton J. 196, *197
Hall, E.T. 180, 194
Hall, John H. 73
Hamilton, Alexander 21
Hancock, John 188
Hand, Joseph W. 105
Hand, Tom 126, 127, 128
Harding, George 151
Harlan, James 171
Harrison, Benjamin 1
Hawkins, John J. 44
Hawkins, Joseph 76
Hays, Simeon 125
Hearn, Alfred G. 168
Henry VI, King of England 7
Henry, Joseph 122, 145, 155
Herbert Hoover Building 201, *202
Hercules, Twelve Labors of 3
Hermitage 102
Hoban, James 39
Hodges, Silas Henry *134, 142
Hogs given free run of Washington streets 95, 96
Hollerith, Herman 198
Holloway, David P. 157, 158, 161, 162, 171, 220
Holmes, Hodgen 38
Holt, Joseph *151, 152, 153, 156
Home Department 123
Hopkins, Samuel, first U.S. patentee 1, 2, 24, 180, 194
Horse for the Office 4, 199; stolen 78
Horse-drawn rake invented 68
Hospital in Patent Office 160, 163, 164, 165
Hubbell, Jay 197
Huntington, Benjamin 21, *22
Hurlbut, Stephen Augustus 162
Ice making, invention of 124
Imam of Muscat 125
Inaugural Ball in Patent Office for Lincoln 165, 166, 191
Ingham, Samuel C. 154
Interior Department 201, start of 123
Irving, Washington 92
Jackson Democrat 90
Jackson, Andrew 2, 81, 88, 90, 95, 102, 103, 104
Jackson, James W. 157
Jackson, Jennie 205
James I, King of England 9
James, B.F. 175
Japanese Patent Office 198, 199
Jay, John 25
Jayne, J.W. 175
Jefferson, Thomas 1, 23, *24, 26, 27, 35, 49, 98, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 187
Jenckes, Thomas A. *176
Jenks, George 11
Jenks, Joseph III 12
Jenks, Joseph Jr 11, 12
Jenks, Joseph Sr 10, 11, 12, 177
Jewel robbery from Patent Office 125
John of Utynam 7, 8
John, King of England 199
Johns, Thomas 91, 92
Johnson, Andrew 171
Johnson, William Samuel, Dr. 18
Jones, Henry B. 128
Jones, Thomas P., Dr. 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 86, 88, 89, 91, 100, 113, 114, 123
Jones, Timothy, Col 65, 66
Jouffroy, the Marquis 16
Journal of the Franklin Institute 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 91, 110, 123, 205
Karin Maru, Japanese ship 154
Keene, Laura 165
Keller, Charles Michael 75, 88, 89, 91, 92, 94, 99, 101, 105, 115, 116, 117, *132, 161, 183
Keller, Jonas 74, 75, 79, 92
Kendall, Amos 102
Kennedy, James A. 107
Key, Francis Scott 67, 128
Key, Philip Barton 128
King, Nicholas 51
King, Rufus 18
Knickerbocker Magazine 135
Know Nothing Party 146
Knox, Henry 1, 23, *24, 26
L'Enfant, Pierre, Maj. 102, 103
Lackland, John 199
Lamar, Mirabeau Bonapart 124
Lane, Homer 142
Langdon, William Chauncy *142, 143, 146, 147
Latrobe, Benjamin Henry *44, 56, 58, 59, 60
Lawrence, DeWitt Clinton 151, 161
Lawrence, Mr., of Virginia 165
Lee, Robert E. 142
Leggett, Mortimer D. 179, *180, 181, 182, 183
Lemon, Charles 64
Lenox, Mr. 60
Lexicon Technicum 51, 52
Li Wu 68
Lincoln, Abraham 101, *150, 156, 157, 159, 162, 163, 164, 188, 202
Lincoln, Levi 96
Lincoln, Robert Todd 150, 162
Little, A.B. 151
Livermore, Samuel 35
Livingston, Edward 86
Livingston, Robert R., steamboat investor 53, 54, 73
Long, Stephen H. 122
Lorrilard, Peter 38
Lyon, George 62, 63, 64, 65, 67, 69
Madison, James *18, 19, 40, 41, 45, 46, 47, 48, 58
Mallory, Stephen Russell 169, 218
Marble, Edgar M. 195
Marbury v. Madison 133
Mary Bright, a boat 125
Maryland Historical Society 87
Mason, Charles 142, 143, *144, 145, 146, 149, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 163, 165, 166, 172, 179
Mason, Fenwick and Lawrence 161, 205
Mastayer, John 199
Masters, Sybilla and Thomas 12
Maul, W. 78
Mayo, Robert, Dr. 90, 92
McClelland, Robert *147
McCormick v. Manny 150
McGowan, Ned 127
McIntire, Alexander M. 79, 86, 89, 90
McKain, Samuel 146
McLane, Louis 85, 87, 88, 90
McLean, John 79
Mechanic's Institute Building *167
Meigs, Return Jonathan 68
Mercury (the god) 4
Merrimac, an ironclad 159, 168
Middleton, Virginia 194
Miller, Phineas 37
Mills, Robert 91, 102, 103
Minor, George 219
Mitchell, Charles Elliott *1, 196, 197
Model Room 73, 74, 79, *94, 100, 103, 125, 134, *148, 150, 160, *185, 186, 187, 198, 200
Models, repair of 75
Monitor, an ironclad 159
Monopolies, Statute of 8
Monroe, James *54, 55, 56, 65
Montgomery, Benjamin T. *153
Montgomery, Martin Van Buren 195, *196
Moore, Edward B. 200
Moore, Gabriel 89, 90
Moore, Gales Pritchard 200, 201
Moore, Joseph Gales 201
Moore, William W. 201
Morgan, Hank 178
Morse, Brian 205
Morse, Samuel F.B. 3, 68, *118, 119, 120, 205
Mulberry Grove, GA 36, 37
Mulliken, Samuel 26
Munden, Joseph Shepherd 32
Munn & Co. 129, 130, 131, 149, 158, 160, 173, 205
Munn, Orson D. (the younger) 205
Munn, Orson Desaix *129
Muragaki Norimasa, Lord of Awaji 154, *155
Museum of the Arts 185
National Gallery 117, 122, 125, 185
National Institute 114, 115, 134
National Intelligencer 201
National Museum 205
National Police Gazette 126, 127
National Portrait Gallery 205
Ned, a slave inventor 152, 153
New Orleans Bee 116
Newbold, Michael 68
Nicholas, Emperor of Russia 125
Nicholson, Thomas 63, 64, 65, 67
Niles, Hezekiah 80
Nixon, Richard 116
Noah, Mordecai M. 139
Normandy, Duke of 199
North River, a steamboat 50
Nurses during Civil War 160, 161, 163, 164
O'Neill, Charles 128
Official Gazette of the U.S. Patent Office 111, 179, 194
Oh Didn't He Ramble 31
Ohio Mechanics' Institute 84
Old Brick Capitol 67, 79, 102
Ooms, Casper W. 204
Orr, Jimmy and John 104
Orukter Amphibolis *72
Ost, Charles J. 219
Our American Cousin 165
Packwood, R.J. 116
Page, Charles G. *115, 116
Paine, Halbert Eleazer *194, 195
Paine, Thomas 16
Paley, William, Archdeacon 68
Paper, manufacture during Revolution 14, 15
Park Grove farm 40
Parker v. Hoyt 150
Paschall, battalion of Col. 15
Patent Act of ..., see under Act of ...
Patent and Trademark Office 206
Patent Board 23, *24, 27, 35
Patent Centennial Celebration 1, 199
Patent Fund 171
Patent Models, sale of 200
Patent Office Building 103, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 201
Patents All the Rage 32, 33, 34, 99
Patterson, William 17
Pawtucket RI, founding of 12
Payne, James 32
Peale, Charles Willson 38, 44, 71, 80, 122
Peale, Raphael 38
Peale, Reubens 80
Peale, Sophonisba 38
Peale, Titian Ramsay *122, 123, 127, 143, 161, 180
Pelham, William 43
Pendleton, Major Nathaniel 36
Perpetual Motion 181, 182, 200
Perry, Commodore 198
Peters, Norris 175
Peters, Robert 80, 81
Philadelphia, move of Government to 27
Philp and Solomons 172
Phonograph, invention of 131
Photolithographing patent drawings 179, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195
Pickett, James Chamberlayne *91, 92, 94
Pierce, Franklin 143, 146
Pierce, P.B. 198, 199
Pigeon holes in Patent Office desk 25, 26
Pike, Mr. of Philadelphia 47
Pinckney, Charles C. 17, 18, *19
Pine Tree Shilling *11, 12
Platt, Orville H. *2
Plumer, William, Sen. 45, 46
Pony (see Horse)
Popham, Haik, Schnobrich, Kaufman 205
Porter, Charles T. 142
Porter, John L. 169, 218
Porter, Rufus 129
Potter, Samuel C., of Treasury Dept. 92
Powhatan, U.S. warship 154
Priestly, Joseph 80
Pritchard, Kate Carroll 201
Publication of patents 76, 77, 78
Punched cards, invention of 198
Randolph, Edmund 1, 17, 23, *24, 26, 27, 28
Read, Nathan 27, *28, 29
Reaper Case 150
Reed, Jack 127
Registration of Patent Solicitors 200
Reid, James and John 42
Remsen, Henry Jr. *25, 26
Repertory of the Arts and Manufactures for 1798 106, 183
Restored patents 37, 38, 111
Rhodes Tavern 40
Rhodes, Rufus Randolph 155, *167, 168, 170, 217
Richmond, move of Patent Office to 203
Ridgely, Archibald 125
Riley, Henry Hiram 135, 141
Rillieux, Norbert *116
Rillieux, Vincent 116
Rittenhouse, David 20
Robbins, Zenas C. 131, 150
Ross, Robert, Major General 64, *65
Ruggles, John 94, 96, 97, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 107, 109, 111, 121, 177
Rumsean Society 16
Rumsey, James 15, *16, 26, 27, 29
Rush, Richard 56, 57, 71
Salisbury CT iron furnace 14
Sampson, Joseph S., second U.S. patentee 24
Saugus Iron Works 11
Schmidt, Johann 68
Schoepf, Albin Francisco, Gen. 174
Scientific American 129, 130, 131, 145, 152, 154, 173, 179, 199, 205
Scientific American Patent Agency 129, 131
Scott, Gustavus 40
Scythes 11
Seal of Confederate Patent Office *170
Seal of the Patent Office 105
Sellers, Beriah, Col. 178
Sellers, Coleman 38
Sellers, David 75
Sellers, Eschol 179
Sellers, George Escol 38, *71, 72, 75, 76, 80, 110, 179
Sellers, Nathan *15, 38, 71, 75, 76
Sellers, Sophonisba Peale 38
Sergeant, John 78
Seward, William H. 132
Shields, F.M. 199
Shimmi Masaoki, Lord of Buzen *154
Shoes for patents 193
Shriver, Andrew 87, 88
Shriver, Maria 87
Shugert, John H. 225
Shugert, Samuel T. 155
Shuster, Jacob 126, 127, 128
Sickles, Daniel E. 128, 147
Sickles, George Garrett 130
Silverthorn's patent 161
Six Buildings 41
Smith, Caleb Blood 220
Smith, Charles E., Co. 204
Smith, John, the generic inventor 68, 136, 137, 156, 181, 182, 206
Smith, Robert 58, *60, 62
Smithson, James 114
Smithsonian Institution 114, 115, 122, 145, 155, 205
Smyth, Henry 8
Snyder, Henry, J.P. 125
Soldiers quartered in Patent Office 159
Spear, Ellis 174, *184, 185, 193, 196
Speech, invention of 5
Spencer Repeating Rifle Company 162
Spencer, Charles Miner *162, 163
Stanton, Edward M. 151
Staples, Seth 130
Star-Spangled Banner 67
Steiger, Maria Shriver 87, 95, 108
Steiger, William Tell 85, 87, 88, 90, 91, 95, 106, 107, 108, 109, 183
Stevens Institute of Technology 29
Stevens, John Jr., Col *27, 29, 50, 51
Stone, Henry 105, 115
Stone, working of 5
Stout, A.M., Gen. 173
Street, Mr. 146
Stuart, Oscar J.E. 152
Summers, James 107
Sumner, Charles 166
Surplus of funds at Patent Office, end of 201
Surratt, Mary 158
Sybaris, Greek colony of 6
Takahashi, Korekiyo *198, 199
Taney, Roger 173
Taylor, George Jr. 26
Taylor, W.B. 175
Taylor, Zachary 126
Temple, Sir Thomas 12
Temporary Building 7, National Airport 204
Terry, Eli 38
Texas Patent Office 124
Thacher, John Marshall 182
Theaker, Thomas Clarke *171, 172, 173, 174, 175
Theatre Royal Covent Garden 32
Thomas, Philip Francis *154
Thompson, Jacob 151, 152
Thorn, Stephen, Rep. 47
Thorne, W.H. *199
Thornton, Anna Maria 39, 84
Thornton, William, Dr. 19, 20, *39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 86, 108, 183, 185, 206
Tiber Creek 202
Tiberius Caesar 6, 7
Timby, Theodore Ruggles *159, 160, 220, 221, 225
Town, Ithiel 102
Treasury Building, burning of 96
Tuesday as issue date of patents 123
Twain, Mark *178
Tyler, John 159
Typewriters in Patent Office 194
United States Theater 41
Utynam, John of 7, 8
Vail, Aaron 20
Vail, Alfred 120
Van Buren, Martin 80, 82, 83, 84, 114
Venice Preserved, or the Spoiled Child 41
Virginia, C.S.S., a ship 169
Vivant, Constance 116
Voigt, Henry 19, 20, 28
Vulcan (the god) 4
Walker, Tom 127
War of 1812 64
Warner, Charles Dudley 178
Washington City Gazette 68
Washington, George 15, 17, 18, 21, 30, 38, 39, 188
Washington, move of Government to 39
Washington, William De Hartburn 143
Waters, Major 65, 66
Watts, T.H. 217
Weaver, William Augustus 86
Webb, Charles 127
Webb, Jim 122, 127, 128
Webster, Daniel 115, 121
Webster, Joseph D., Lt. 122
What Hath God Wrought 120
Wheeler, Nathaniel 130
White, Alexander 35, 40
White, Richard H. 108
White, W.W. 155
Whitman, Walt *163, 164, 165, 166
Whitney, Eli *36, 68, 187
Wilkes exploring expedition 115, 122, 134
Wilkes, Charles 122
Wilkes, George 126, *127, 128
Willet, Burgess 64
Williamson, Hugh, Dr. 35
Williamson, Perigrine 48
Williamson, William P. 218
Wilson, Allen Benjamin 130, *131
Wirt, William 77, 78
Withers, Michael 73
Wright, Carroll D. 2
Writing, invention of 5, 6
X series of patents 111
Xerography, invention of 202
Young, Jim 127, 128
Zell, John 125